where-do-grapes-grow

Grapes Grow Everywhere!

Grape vines are adaptable plants and can grow in many places, many soil types, and many climates. Whether for food or for wine, grapes will grow and thrive wherever they can make purchase in the earth. Well-drained soil is their main requisite, along with plenty of sunshine. If you’ve ever wondered where grapes come from or if they could grow in your garden, read more.

Where in the world do grapes grow?

Europe is a large producer of grapes, largely wine grapes; the biggest grape producers in Europe are Italy and France. The Americas also produce a lot of grapes. There are even vineyards in Asia! Some of the world’s more prolific grape producers, regardless of variety, are:

  • Spain
  • South Africa
  • America
  • Chile
  • Argentina
  • China

As long as the soil is warm and moist and the sun is plentiful, your grapes will grow!

Where in America do grapes grow?

Because grapes will grow in USDA zones 3 through 8, depending on varietal, the US is the third largest grape producing country in the world, behind Italy and France. America has vineyards from sea to sea, really, and there is a “wine country” in multiple states. The top ten grape-growing states in the US are:

  • California
  • Washington
  • Oregon
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Michigan
  • Virginia
  • Missouri
  • Ohio
  • Arkansas

These states grow wine grapes but also produce grapes used in making jams, jellies, juices, and raisins, as well as grapes for the table. The ability of grapes to thrive in so many places creates wine tourism, which has been good for many states’ economies.

Where in my garden will grapes grow?

Generally speaking, well-drained soil in full sun will provide a good home for your grape vines. Optimally, a southern or southwestern exposure is best for providing adequate sunshine for your plants.

American grapes, like Concords, are able to withstand the cold better than the European grapes do, and some types, like the Muscadine, do well in the Mediterranean climates of the American south. What this means is that, depending on the weather where you live, there is likely a type that will grow well in your region.

If your soil is not acidic enough, or if it lacks certain nutrients like phosphorus, nitrogen, or magnesium, you can amend it with fertilizers or compost and your grape vines will happily adapt. Soil that is too wet can have sand added, and dry areas can be irrigated; you can grow grapes just about anywhere!